20th century Japan

(2/-1) This emperor surrendered to the Allies to end World War II, but his sovereignty was maintained.1500
(4/-2) The U.S. took over this Japanese island in 1945 and ceded it to Japan in 1972.1320
(6/-3) This index closed at a record high of 38916 on Dec. 29, 1989; it still hasn't returned to that peak.1410
(8/-4) Teddy Roosevelt won a Nobel Peace Prize for his role in negotiating this treaty ending the Russo-Japanese war.1104
(10/-5) The attack on Pearl Harbor was conceived by this admiral, the commander-in-chief of Japan's combined fleet.1221

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